Are you a prospective student who is willing to study in Germany, then your first step should be to know about the Universities in Germany and explore their ranking and other stuff because choosing the best Universities in Germany which suit best your intended course of study in Germany is one of the important steps in your preparation for studying in Germany.
Universities in Germany are categorized into various types by taking various factors into consideration such as their Characteristics, types of courses they offer, their infrastructure facilities, their teaching methodology and curriculum, amount of theoretical and practical exposure they provide to students.
Types of Universities in Germany:
International students who want to study in Germany can choose between different types of Universities in Germany; Universities in Germany are mainly categorized into 3 types, namely Universities, the University of Applied Sciences, private universities and colleges or Business Schools. Every type of University in Germany offers particular areas of study for International students.
Now let us briefly understand about types of Universities in Germany and how they are differentiated;
Universities in Germany mainly impart theoretical knowledge and focus more on research. These Universities offer a wide range of subjects and programs, but some Universities have specialized in particular areas of study they are named Technical Universities (TUs).
- Universities in Germany normally offer Bachelor’s, Masters & Doctorate programs.
- Universities mainly impart theoretical knowledge
- TUs or Universities in Germany do focus more on research.
- Specializations they offer include Education, Engineering and Science, Law, Medicine, Social &Cultural Sciences, and Business Management.
University of Applied Sciences (FH):
University of Applied Sciences is practical oriented and its approach is mainly towards Industry applications unlike Universities and TUs in Germany. They mainly offer specializations such as Engineering and Technology, Economics, Social Work and Media. Students studying at Universities of Applied Sciences in Germany will have Work placements, inbuilt internships, Practical Semesters and Longer practical phases which are not commonly offered by Universities in Germany.
- University of Applied Sciences is more practical oriented.
- They mainly Offer Bachelors programs in general.
- Some institutions also offer a Master’s program.
- Though research is gaining importance, the focus remains on application-oriented study.
- Excellent job opportunities owing to close tie-up with industry.
Universities of Applied Sciences (UAS):
Universities of Applied Sciences or UAS in Germany emphasize the applications of research outputs. In short, UAS is more of an institution providing practical, hands-on experience to students. The study program of UAS comprises various project courses in collaboration with different companies.
Moreover, the courses also consist of compulsory internships. Experienced professionals from different industries (as per the course type) provide classroom education to students. However, there is no high number of universities of applied sciences in Germany offering doctoral courses.
Academies of Arts, Music, and Film:
Academies of arts, music, and film in Germany are all about providing excellent artistic training to students. Do you have a knack for arts, music, or film and want to make a career in the creative field? These institutions cordially welcome students having artistic talents.
Whether you are good at photography or designing or dance or architecture, academies of arts, music, and film are there to provide the needed knowledge and support to students.
Apart from artistic training, a few such institutions have come with scientific programs for students. Hence, if you are interested and eligible, you can opt for a research program on an arts subject. These institutions also offer pedagogical programs in the arts. Doctorate degrees are not fully available in the academies of arts, music, and film.
Technical Universities in Germany:
When it comes to world-class infrastructure and opportunities in the field of engineering, Germany deserves one of the top positions in the world. Even as per a ranking survey, over eight Engineering colleges in this country have secured positions in the top 100 ranks of the Engineering and Technology institutions worldwide in 2020.
Do you want to pursue automobile engineering or automotive engineering? Then, Germany Engineering colleges can provide you with the best curriculum, support, and career opportunities.
In short, Engineering colleges in Germany offer top-notch education to students. Furthermore, the research facilities offered by these institutions are also outstanding. These institutions offer loads of specializations and golden opportunities for research and development. An Engineering student in Germany can expect to get exposure to advanced technological aspects of the world. That is why more and more students are gaining an immense interest in studying engineering in Germany.
Moreover, public universities in Germany enable students to complete their engineering courses at budget-friendly fees. Amongst other options, automotive engineering is among the sought-after courses among students during outstanding job opportunities.
Some of the popular universities for Engineering in Germany include the Technical University of Munich, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Technical University of Berlin, RWTH Aachen University, and so on.
Although automotive engineering and mechanical engineering make up the traditional courses of Engineering in Germany, robotic systems, biomedical systems, and energy science engineering are paving their way as preferred courses of study in Germany.
You can also opt for a postgraduate program in Engineering in Germany. While maximum courses are available in English, a couple of them are fully available only in German. The course duration of postgraduate programs is 1.5 to 2 years. Students are exposed to both knowledge-oriented and practical learning.
Private Colleges or Business Schools:
Private colleges and Business Schools in Germany are state-recognized Institutions and they do charge tuition fees for international students. They usually offer both Bachelors’s and Master’s degree programs. When it comes to the quality of education and degree weightage they carry the same weightage as Universities or University of applied sciences in Germany. Students with low academics can also get into these colleges.
How to choose Universities in Germany?
Many students have these questions in mind like Whether to choose Universities in Germany or Universities of applied sciences in Germany? Or Are Universities and universities of applied sciences in Germany the same? Or Universities and Universities of applied sciences which is good for me? Or What are the differences between studying at Universities in Germany or the University of Applied Sciences?
We have given a clarification for all these questions in the below article, please read through;
As we know most of the students choose to study at Universities or the University of Applied Sciences in Germany as most of them are tuition-free. But still, it is important to carefully choose between Universities in Germany or Applied Sciences in Germany based on their academic background, Intended course of study and future plans. Since Universities and universities of applied sciences in Germany have their unique characteristics and offerings, they may not suit all the students. Hence students must first understand the differences between Universities or TUs and Applied Sciences in Germany before start shortlisting the universities in Germany so that they get to know which suits best for them according to their preferences.
So if you understand the differences between Universities in Germany and Universities of applied sciences in Germany, shortlisting the right University will be easy work for you. The below table tells you the significant differences between Universities and Applied Sciences in Germany.
Differences between Universities (TUs) and Universities of Applied Sciences in Germany
|· Technical Universities are Research-oriented||· Applied Sciences are more Practical and are Industry oriented.|
|· Students will have more theoretical exposure to TU||· Students will have more Practical exposure|
|· TUs are suitable for students who wish to pursue Doctorates or Ph.D. after their Masters||· Applied Sciences are suitable for students who wish to start their career in an Industry soon after their Masters
|· Students from TUs can apply for Ph.D. in the same college as soon as they finish their Masters||· Applied Science does not offer Ph.D. courses. So students from “Hochschule” will have to apply to TUs for PhD courses as soon as they are graduated from Applied Sciences|
|· TUs have research-based learning and 90% of the curriculum is research-oriented||· Applied Sciences have practical based learning and 70 to 80% of the curriculum is Practical based|
|· TUs offer degree programs related to the majority of study areas and specializations||· Most of the degree programs offered are STEM(Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) and Management related.|
|· Students have to submit a mandatory Thesis in the last semester||· Students have an opportunity to do in-built Internships in a Company for 3 to 4 months|
Suggestions to students:
- As admissions in Germany are highly competitive you can’t always stick to either Universities or Applied sciences unless you have excellent academics and prerequisites.
- Sometimes you have to compromise on choosing between Universities and Applied Sciences if you have average academics.
- Getting an admission from either one should be the main goal rather than sticking to only Universities or only applied sciences and end up with no admissions.
Some Basic Facts about Studying in Germany
Did you know Germany’s public universities ask for zero tuition fees from students? Both national and international students in Germany can complete courses in these institutions free of cost. More than 2.4 million students are studying in public universities in Germany.
Moreover, the higher education infrastructure is commendable in Germany. The faculties are excellent and they leave no stone unturned to prepare students ready for a bright future.
If you choose to study in Germany, you can achieve internationally recognized degrees. That means you can expect to scale up your career and get some golden opportunities in the long run. That will further help you to grab excellent job opportunities.
Studying in Germany also enables international students to live the ambiance and discover the spectacular life in such an awe-inspiring country. Once you complete your graduate program in Germany, you can stay there and look for a job.
I hope you got some inspiration to think about studying in Germany to give your career a major leap.
You already know you can study in Germany without tuition fees. But, do you know you can pursue your education in Germany in English? It should be great news for all candidates who are not well-versed in the German language.
Moreover, it would streamline the journey for international students in Germany. First, international students can pursue courses available in English. Meanwhile, they can learn and advance their German proficiency to opt for studying the course in Germany, as per their preference.
Germany’s public universities offer a Ph.D. program with zero tuition fees. However, private universities offer paid programs which means students need to pay tuition fees. Moreover, universities come with the provision of 100% funding for pursuing research courses.
Besides, scholarships are also available here for doctoral candidates. International students can opt for teaching assistantships or research assistantships.
Germany offers abundant opportunities to students in terms of education with its world-class universities. Now, you have to make your decision regarding your career.
Do you want to pursue a scientific, theoretical, and research-based curriculum in Germany? Then, you can search for the desired course in one of the German universities. On the other hand, if you want to opt for an application-based, practical study program, universities of applied sciences in Germany are there. Are you looking for training in arts, music, or film? Then, academies of arts, music, and film can be your destination.
If you want to make a career in engineering and technology, then you can enroll in one of the prestigious engineering colleges in Germany.