German prepositions and vocabulary

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German prepositions and vocabulary

German for beginners | Prepositions | German Vocabulary | German A1 classes |

German for beginners:- Topics included

  • Prepositions and vocabulary
  • Prepositions- It is a word indicating the location of something, it is also a word connecting noun/pronoun

3 types

  • Accusative prepositions – Indicates the action of a person
  • Dative prepositions – Indicates the position of a person
  • Mixed prepositions

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German prepositions

German prepositions, known as “Präpositionen” in German, are crucial for indicating relationships between objects, people, or ideas in a sentence. Here are some common German prepositions and their meanings:

  1. An – At, on, by
    • Ich wohne an der Straße. (I live on the street.)
    • Er lehnt das Buch an die Wand. (He leans the book against the wall.)
  2. Auf – On, onto, upon
    • Das Buch liegt auf dem Tisch. (The book is on the table.)
    • Sie springt auf das Pferd. (She jumps onto the horse.)
  3. Hinter – Behind
    • Der Schlüssel ist hinter der Tür. (The key is behind the door.)
    • Ich gehe hinter dir. (I’m walking behind you.)
  4. In – In, into
    • Die Katze ist in der Box. (The cat is in the box.)
    • Wir gehen in das Kino. (We’re going to the cinema.)
  5. Vor – In front of, before

German prepositions

    • Das Auto steht vor dem Haus. (The car is in front of the house.)
    • Wir essen vor dem Film. (We eat before the movie.)
  1. Unter – Under, below
    • Die Schlüssel sind unter dem Buch. (The keys are under the book.)
    • Das Schiff fährt unter der Brücke. (The ship is sailing under the bridge.)
  2. Über – Over, above, about
    • Die Vögel fliegen über dem Haus. (The birds are flying above the house.)
    • Wir sprechen über das Wetter. (We’re talking about the weather.)
  3. Zwischen – Between, among
    • Das Kind sitzt zwischen den Eltern. (The child is sitting between the parents.)
    • Diese Stadt liegt zwischen den Bergen. (This city is located among the mountains.)
  4. Durch – Through
    • Wir gehen durch den Wald. (We walk through the forest.)
    • Das Licht scheint durch das Fenster. (The light shines through the window.)
  5. Für – For
    • Das Geschenk ist für dich. (The gift is for you.)
    • Ich arbeite für eine Firma. (I work for a company.)
  6. Gegen – Against
    • Er spielt Fußball gegen seine Freunde. (He plays soccer against his friends.)
    • Ich habe nichts gegen dich. (I have nothing against you.)
  7. Ohne – Without
    • Ich kann nicht leben ohne Kaffee. (I can’t live without coffee.)
    • Sie geht ohne ihren Regenschirm aus. (She goes out without her umbrella.)
  8. Mit – With
    • Er reist mit seinem Bruder. (He travels with his brother.)
    • Ich trinke meinen Kaffee mit Milch. (I drink my coffee with milk.)

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These are just a few common German prepositions, but there are many more in the language. Learning and understanding their usage is essential for constructing grammatically correct and meaningful sentences in German. Practice and exposure to the language will help you become more comfortable with prepositions in context.